Middle cerebral artery doppler velocimetry for the diagnosis of twin anemia polycythemia sequence: A systematic review

Clifton O. Brock, Eric P. Bergh, Kenneth J. Moise, Anthony Johnson, Edgar Hernandez-Andrade, Dejian Lai, Ramesha Papanna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Twin anemia polycythemia sequence (TAPS) is a rare complication of monochorionic diamniotic (MCDA) twins. Middle cerebral artery peak systolic velocity (MCA-PSV) measurements are used to screen for TAPS while fetal or neonatal hemoglobin levels are required for definitive diagnosis. We sought to perform a systematic review of the efficacy of MCA-PSV in diagnosing TAPS. Search criteria were developed using relevant terms to query the Pubmed, Embase, and SCOPUS electronic databases. Publications reporting diagnostic characteristics of MCA-PSV measurements (i.e., sensitivity, specificity or receiver operator curves) were included. Each article was assessed for bias using the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies II (QUADAS II) tool. Results were assessed for uniformity to determine whether meta-analysis was feasible. Data were presented in tabular form. Among publications, five met the inclusion criteria. QUADAS II analysis revealed that four of the publications were highly likely to have bias in multiple areas. Meta-analysis was precluded by non-uniformity between definitions of TAPS by MCA-PSV and neonatal or fetal hemoglobin levels. High-quality prospective studies with consistent definitions and ultrasound surveillance protocols are still required to determine the efficacy of MCA-PSV in diagnosing TAPS. Other ultrasound findings (e.g., placenta echogenicity discordance) may augment Doppler studies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1735
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Monochorionic diamniotic twins
  • Prenatal ultrasound
  • TAPS
  • Twin anemia polycythemia sequence

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