Blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption plays a critical role in brain injury induced by cerebral ischemia, and preserving BBB integrity during ischemia could alleviate cerebral injury. We examined the role of miR-130a in ischemic BBB disruption by using models of rat middle cerebral artery occlusion and cell oxygen-glucose deprivation. We found that ischemia significantly increased microRNA-130a (miR-130a) level and that miR-130a was predominantly from brain microvascular endothelial cells. Antagomir-130a, an antagonist of miR-130a, could attenuate brain edema, lower BBB permeability, reduce infarct volume, and improve neurologic function. MiR-130a overexpression induced by miR-130a mimic increased monolayer permeability, and intercellular inhibition of miR- 130a by a miR-130a inhibitor suppressed oxygen-glucose deprivation-induced increase inmonolayer permeability. Moreover, dual luciferase reporter system showed that Homeobox A5 was the direct target of miR-130a. MiR-130a, by inhibiting Homeobox A5 expression, could down-regulate occludin, thereby increasing BBB permeability. Our results suggested that miR-130a might be implicated in ischemia-induced BBB dysfunction and serve as a target for the treatment of ischemic stroke.
- Ischemic stroke