Microarray and proteomic analyses of myeloproliferative neoplasms with a highlight on the mTOR signaling pathway

Vladan P. Čokić, Pascal Mossuz, Jing Han, Nuria Socoro, Bojana B. Beleslin-Čokić, Olivera Mitrović, Tijana Subotički, Miloš Diklić, Danijela Leković, Mirjana Gotič, Raj K. Puri, Constance Tom Noguchi, Alan N. Schechter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

The gene and protein expression profiles in myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) may reveal gene and protein markers of a potential clinical relevance in diagnosis, treatment and prediction of response to therapy. Using cDNA microarray analysis of 25,100 unique genes, we studied the gene expression profile of CD34+ cells and granulocytes obtained from peripheral blood of subjects with essential thrombocythemia (ET), polycythemia vera (PV) and primary myelofibrosis (PMF). The microarray analyses of the CD34+ cells and granulo-cytes were performed from 20 de novo MPN subjects: JAK2 positive ET, PV, PMF subjects, and JAK2 negative ET/PMF subjects. The granulocytes for proteomic studies were pooled in 4 groups: PV with JAK2 mutant allele burden above 80%, ET with JAK2 mutation, PMF with JAK2 mutation and ET/PMF with no JAK2 mutation. The number of differentially regulated genes was about two fold larger in CD34+ cells compared to granulocytes. Thirty-six genes (including RUNX1, TNFRSF19) were persistently highly expressed, while 42 genes (including FOXD4, PDE4A) were underexpressed both in CD34+ cells and granulocytes. Using proteomic studies, significant up-regulation was observed for MAPK and PI3K/AKT signaling regulators that control myeloid cell apoptosis and proliferation: RAC2, MNDA, S100A8/9, CORO1A, and GNAI2. When the status of the mTOR signaling pathway related genes was analyzed, PI3K/AKT regulators were preferentially up-regulated in CD34+ cells of MPNs, with down-regulated major components of the protein complex EIF4F. Molecular profiling of CD34+ cells and granulocytes of MPN determined gene expression patterns beyond their recognized function in disease pathogenesis that included dominant up-regu-lation of PI3K/AKT signaling.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0135463
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume10
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 14 Aug 2015
Externally publishedYes

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