Metabolic changes contribute to maladaptive right ventricular hypertrophy in pulmonary hypertension beyond pressure overload: an integrative imaging and omics investigation

Inés García-Lunar, Inmaculada Jorge, Jorge Sáiz, Núria Solanes, Ana Paula Dantas, Juan José Rodríguez-Arias, María Ascaso, Carlos Galán-Arriola, Francisco Rafael Jiménez, Elena Sandoval, Jorge Nuche, Maria Moran-Garrido, Emilio Camafeita, Montserrat Rigol, Javier Sánchez-Gonzalez, Valentín Fuster, Jesús Vázquez, Coral Barbas, Borja Ibáñez, Daniel PeredaAna García-Álvarez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Right ventricular (RV) failure remains the strongest determinant of survival in pulmonary hypertension (PH). We aimed to identify relevant mechanisms, beyond pressure overload, associated with maladaptive RV hypertrophy in PH. To separate the effect of pressure overload from other potential mechanisms, we developed in pigs two experimental models of PH (M1, by pulmonary vein banding and M2, by aorto-pulmonary shunting) and compared them with a model of pure pressure overload (M3, pulmonary artery banding) and a sham-operated group. Animals were assessed at 1 and 8 months by right heart catheterization, cardiac magnetic resonance and blood sampling, and myocardial tissue was analyzed. Plasma unbiased proteomic and metabolomic data were compared among groups and integrated by an interaction network analysis. A total of 33 pigs completed follow-up (M1, n = 8; M2, n = 6; M3, n = 10; and M0, n = 9). M1 and M2 animals developed PH and reduced RV systolic function, whereas animals in M3 showed increased RV systolic pressure but maintained normal function. Significant plasma arginine and histidine deficiency and complement system activation were observed in both PH models (M1&M2), with additional alterations to taurine and purine pathways in M2. Changes in lipid metabolism were very remarkable, particularly the elevation of free fatty acids in M2. In the integrative analysis, arginine–histidine–purines deficiency, complement activation, and fatty acid accumulation were significantly associated with maladaptive RV hypertrophy. Our study integrating imaging and omics in large-animal experimental models demonstrates that, beyond pressure overload, metabolic alterations play a relevant role in RV dysfunction in PH.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBasic Research in Cardiology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

Keywords

  • Cardiac imaging
  • Omics
  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • Right ventricle

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