Metabolic and structural remodeling during browning of primary human adipocytes derived from omental and subcutaneous depots

Mi Jeong Lee, Vishwajeet Puri, Susan K. Fried

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: This study investigated remodeling of cellular metabolism and structures during browning of primary human adipocytes derived from both visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissues. Effects of glucocorticoids on the browning were also assessed. Methods: Differentiated omental and subcutaneous human adipocytes were treated with rosiglitazone, with or without dexamethasone, and expression levels of brite adipocyte markers, lipolysis, and lipid droplet and mitochondrial structures were examined. Results: Both omental and subcutaneous adipocytes acquired brite phenotypes upon peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ agonist treatment, and dexamethasone tended to enhance the remodeling. Although rosiglitazone increased lipolysis during treatment, brite adipocytes exhibited lower basal lipolytic rates and enhanced responses to β-adrenergic agonists or atrial natriuretic peptide. Transcriptome analysis identified induction of both breakdown and biosynthesis of lipids in brite adipocytes. After 60+ days in culture, lipid droplet size increased to ~50 microns, becoming almost unilocular in control adipocytes, and after browning, they acquired paucilocular morphology, clusters of small lipid droplets (1–2 micron) surrounded by mitochondria appearing on the periphery of the central large one. Conclusions: Metabolic and structural remodeling during browning of primary human adipocytes is similar to previous findings in human adipocytes in vivo, supporting their uses for mechanical studies investigating browning with translational relevance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-79
Number of pages10
JournalObesity
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2024

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