Meta-structure issues for the DSM-5: How do anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive and related disorders, post-traumatic disorders, and dissociative disorders fit together?

Dan J. Stein, Michelle G. Craske, Matthew J. Friedman, Katharine A. Phillips

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

The question of how to optimally organize into chapters and label the different categories of mental disorders is an important one for DSM-5 and ICD-11. The grouping of mental disorders, or meta-structure, should arguably reflect knowledge on the validity of different conditions and their relationships, and should ideally contribute to improving the clinical utility of the nosology by guiding clinical assessment and management. The DSM-5 Anxiety, Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum, Posttraumatic, and Dissociative Disorders Workgroup has reviewed the nature of anxiety disorders, the possibility of including a new category of obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders in the DSM-5, and the concept of traumatic stress disorders. It is difficult to devise a perfect nosology that dissects nature at her joints; instead, any particular approach to the meta-structure would seem to have pros and cons that must be carefully weighed. Despite the imperfections of any meta-structure, we are hopeful that each revision of the nosology will bring with it greater diagnostic validity and clinical utility.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)248-250
Number of pages3
JournalCurrent Psychiatry Reports
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anxiety disorders
  • Category
  • Classification
  • DSM-5
  • Dissociative disorders
  • Etiology
  • ICD-11
  • Nosology
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • Pathophysiology
  • Post-traumatic disorders
  • Stereotypic disorders

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