Mental health and the transgender population

Tamar C. Carmel, Laura Erickson-Schroth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Although research has increased remarkably in recent years, exploration of mental health disparities faced by transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) populations has historically been limited. TGNC people experience disproportionate rates of discrimination, harassment, violence, and sexual assault, precipitating negative mental health outcomes, as explained by the Minority Stress Model. Further research substantiates an increased risk of depression, substance use disorders, self-injury, and suicidal ideation/attempts in transgender populations. Studies are less conclusive with regard to rates of anxiety disorders, posttraumatic stress disorder, bipolar disorder, psychotic disorders, eating disorders, body dysmorphic disorders, autism spectrum disorders, and personality disorders. Social and familial support are protective factors in this population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)346-349
Number of pages4
JournalPsychiatric Annals
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2016


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