Melanoma and microbiota: Current understanding and future directions

Bertrand Routy, Tanisha Jackson, Laura Mählmann, Christina K. Baumgartner, Martin Blaser, Allyson Byrd, Nathalie Corvaia, Kasey Couts, Diwakar Davar, Lisa Derosa, Howard C. Hang, Geke Hospers, Morten Isaksen, Guido Kroemer, Florent Malard, Kathy D. McCoy, Marlies Meisel, Sumanta Pal, Ze'ev Ronai, Eran SegalGregory D. Sepich-Poore, Fyza Shaikh, Randy F. Sweis, Giorgio Trinchieri, Marcel van den Brink, Rinse K. Weersma, Katrine Whiteson, Liping Zhao, Jennifer McQuade, Hassane Zarour, Laurence Zitvogel

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Over the last decade, the composition of the gut microbiota has been found to correlate with the outcomes of cancer patients treated with immunotherapy. Accumulating evidence points to the various mechanisms by which intestinal bacteria act on distal tumors and how to harness this complex ecosystem to circumvent primary resistance to immune checkpoint inhibitors. Here, we review the state of the microbiota field in the context of melanoma, the recent breakthroughs in defining microbial modes of action, and how to modulate the microbiota to enhance response to cancer immunotherapy. The host-microbe interaction may be deciphered by the use of “omics” technologies, and will guide patient stratification and the development of microbiota-centered interventions. Efforts needed to advance the field and current gaps of knowledge are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-34
Number of pages19
JournalCancer Cell
Volume42
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 8 Jan 2024
Externally publishedYes

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