Medical optimization of modifiable risk factors before thoracolumbar three-column osteotomies: an analysis of 195 patients

Andre M. Samuel, Noor Maza, Avani S. Vaishnav, Francis C. Lovecchio, Yahya A. Othman, Steven J. McAnany, Sravisht Iyer, Todd J. Albert, Catherine Himo Gang, Sheeraz A. Qureshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To determine the rate of preoperative modifiable laboratory abnormalities (both major and minor) and the association with early postoperative medical and surgical complications. Methods: All patients undergoing thoracolumbar three-column osteotomy between 2013 and 2016 with preoperative laboratory data were identified. Potential preoperative modifiable laboratory abnormalities (major and minor) were assessed including hyponatremia (sodium ' 130 and ' 135 mEq/L), anemia (hematocrit ' 25% and ' 30%), renal insufficiency (creatinine ≥ 1.8 and ≥ 1.2 mg/dL), coagulopathy (INR ≥ 1.8 and ≥ 1.2), and hypoalbuminemia (albumin ' 2.5 and ' 3.5 g/dL). Multivariate logistic regression was used to determine associations with 30-day complications after controlling for possible confounding factors. Results: A total of 195 patients were identified. The rates of major and minor preoperative laboratory abnormalities were 7.7% and 31.3%, respectively. The rates of serious medical, minor medical, and surgical complications over 30-days were 6.7%, 21.5%, and 10.3%, respectively. In multivariate analysis the presence of major preoperative laboratory abnormalities had a significant association with serious medical complications (odds ratio [OR] 77.8, P ' 0.001), and minor medical complications (OR 13.3, P ' 0.001), but not surgical complications (P = 0.243). The presence of minor preoperative laboratory abnormalities had a significant association with serious medical complications (OR 10.4, P = 0.041) and minor medical complications (OR 2.4, P = 0.045), but not surgical complications (P = 0.490). Conclusions: While major laboratory abnormalities had a strong association with complications, even minor modifiable laboratory abnormalities had a significant association with both serious and minor medical complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1039-1047
Number of pages9
JournalSpine Deformity
Volume8
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2020

Keywords

  • Adult spinal deformity
  • Complications
  • Preoperative medical optimization
  • Readmission
  • Thoracolumbar spine
  • Three-column osteotomy

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