Medical Complications After Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Katja E. Wartenberg, Stephan A. Mayer

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

The prevention and management of medical complications are important for improving outcomes after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Fever, anemia requiring transfusion, hyperglycemia, hyponatremia, pneumonia, hypertension, and neurogenic cardiopulmonary dysfunction occur frequently after SAH. There is increasing evidence that acute hypoxia and extremes of blood pressure can exacerbate brain injury during the acute phase of bleeding. There are promising strategies to minimize these complications. Randomized controlled trials are needed to evaluate the risks and benefits of these and other medical management strategies after SAH.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-338
Number of pages14
JournalNeurosurgery Clinics of North America
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anemia
  • Blood transfusion
  • Fever
  • Hyperglycemia
  • Medical complications
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage

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