Mechanisms of liver fibrosis associated with experimental fasciola hepatica infection: Roles of Fas2 proteinase and hepatic stellate cell activation

Luis A. Marcos, Angélica Terashima, Pedro Yi, Roy Andrade, Francisco J. Cubero, Efsevia Albanis, Eduardo Gotuzzo, Jose R. Espinoza, Scott L. Friedman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have evaluated the possible mechanisms of liver fibrosis caused by Fasciola hepatica in an animal model and in culture using immortalized human stellate cells. Liver biopsies of F. hepatica-infected rats were performed at wk 8 and 16. Serum-starved LX-2 cells, a human stellate cell line, were exposed to increasing concentrations of Fas2 antigen. The expression of key fibrosis-related genes was evaluated by qRT-PCR. There was a significant correlation between fibrogenic gene expression and both intensity and duration of infection. LX-2 cells exposed to Fas2 showed progressively increased expression of mRNAs for Collagen I, alpha-smooth muscle-actin, platelet-derived growth factor beta receptor, and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase II; inhibition of Fas2 cysteine proteinase activity by E-64 abrogated these increases, suggesting that the protease activity of Fas2 is involved in fibrogenic stimulation. In summary, F. hepatica infection is associated with up-regulation of mRNAs associated with hepatic fibrogenesis in vivo and in activated hepatic stellate cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-87
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Parasitology
Volume97
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2011

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