Matter loops corrected modified gravity in Palatini formulation

Xin He Meng, Peng Wang

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2 Scopus citations


Recently, corrections to the standard Einstein-Hilbert action were proposed to explain the current cosmic acceleration in stead of introducing dark energy. In the Palatini formulation of those modified gravity models, there is an important observation due to Arkani-Hamed: matter loops will give rise to a correction to the modified gravity action proportional to the Ricci scalar of the metric. In the presence of such a term, we show that the current forms of modified gravity models in Palatini formulation, specifically, the 1/R gravity and ln R gravity, will have phantoms. Then we study the possible instabilities due to the presence of phantom fields. We show that the strong instability in the metric formulation of 1/R gravity indicated by Dolgov and Kawasaki will not appear and the decay timescales for the phantom fields may be long enough for the theories to make sense as effective field theory. On the other hand, if we change the sign of the modification terms to eliminate the phantoms, some other inconsistencies will arise for the various versions of the modified gravity models. Finally, we comment on the universal property of the Palatini formulation of the matter loops corrected modified gravity models and its implications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)275-278
Number of pages4
JournalCommunications in Theoretical Physics
Issue number1
StatePublished - 15 Jul 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Accelerated cosmic expansion
  • Loop correction and dark energy
  • Modified gravity


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