MAPT mutations, tauopathy, and mechanisms of neurodegeneration

Kevin H. Strang, Todd E. Golde, Benoit I. Giasson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

103 Scopus citations

Abstract

In multiple neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer’s disease (AD), a prominent pathological feature is the aberrant aggregation and inclusion formation of the microtubule-associated protein tau. Because of the pathological association, these disorders are often referred to as tauopathies. Mutations in the MAPT gene that encodes tau can cause frontotemporal dementia with parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 (FTDP-17), providing the clearest evidence that tauopathy plays a causal role in neurodegeneration. However, large gaps in our knowledge remain regarding how various FTDP-17-linked tau mutations promote tau aggregation and neurodegeneration, and, more generally, how the tauopathy is linked to neurodegeneration. Herein, we review what is known about how FTDP-17-linked pathogenic MAPT mutations cause disease, with a major focus on the prion-like properties of wild-type and mutant tau proteins. The hypothesized mechanisms by which mutations in the MAPT gene promote tauopathy are quite varied and may not provide definitive insights into how tauopathy arises in the absence of mutation. Further, differences in the ability of tau and mutant tau proteins to support prion-like propagation in various model systems raise questions about the generalizability of this mechanism in various tauopathies. Notably, understanding the mechanisms of tauopathy induction and spread and tau-induced neurodegeneration has important implications for tau-targeting therapeutics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)912-928
Number of pages17
JournalLaboratory Investigation
Volume99
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2019
Externally publishedYes

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