Management Considerations for Acute Coronary Syndromes in Chronic Kidney Disease

Matthew I. Tomey, Janice Y. Chyou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose of Review: Propensity of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) to adverse outcomes of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) derives, in part, from imperfection in management. Dearth of data resulting from underrepresentation of patients with CKD in ACS trials and underuse of evidence-based testing and therapy compound biological risks inherent to CKD. We sought in this narrative review to critically appraise contemporary evidence and offer suggested approaches to practicing clinicians for the optimization of ACS management in patients with CKD. Recent Findings: Updated multisociety chest pain guidelines emphasize the diversity of clinical presentations of ACS, pertinent to recognition of ACS in patients with CKD. Evolving tools to predict and prevent acute kidney injury complicating invasive management of ACS serve to support improved access to and safety of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in CKD patients, who remain at elevated risk. Growth in use of radial access, advances in PCI quality, incorporation of intravascular imaging, and new options and insights in pharmacotherapy contribute to an evolving calculus of ischemic and bleeding risk in ACS with bearing on management in CKD patients. Summary: Key opportunities to improve outcomes of ACS for patients with CKD center on avoiding underuse of beneficial medical and invasive therapies; enhancing safety of therapies by leveraging evidence-based strategies to prevent acute kidney injury; and devoting specific effort to investigation of ACS management in the context of CKD.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCurrent Cardiology Reports
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

Keywords

  • Acute coronary syndromes
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Contrast-associated acute kidney injury
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Percutaneous coronary intervention

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Management Considerations for Acute Coronary Syndromes in Chronic Kidney Disease'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this