Major Complications After Textured Versus Non-textured Breast Implants in Direct-to-Implant Breast Reconstruction: A Propensity Score Analysis

Christopher P. Bellaire, Farah Sayegh, Pierce Janssen, John W. Rutland, C. Andrew Salzberg

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: While the risks and benefits of smooth versus textured implants for breast reconstruction and primary breast augmentation are thoroughly supported in the literature, few studies have examined the relationship between implant shell texture and complications following direct-to-implant (DTI) breast reconstruction. Objectives: The present study examines the relationship between implant shell texture and complications in patients receiving DTI breast reconstruction. Methods: Retrospective chart review of patients undergoing DTI breast reconstruction between 2011 and 2018 by a single surgeon was performed. A propensity score matching algorithm was used to eliminate unwanted bias stemming from clinical covariates. Chi-squared and Fisher’s exact tests were used to examine the association between implant shell texture and the following major postoperative complications: capsular contracture, hematoma, seroma, necrosis, infection, and implant loss. Results: A total of 402 unique patients (751 breasts) were included. The majority received smooth implants compared with textured implants (80.3% vs. 19.7%, respectively); 444 breasts were included for comparative analysis after 2:1 propensity score matching (296 smooth implants, 148 textured implants). The only statistically significant difference in outcomes between the two groups was a higher incidence of hematoma in the textured group (2.0% vs 0.0%), Fisher’s Exact Test p = 0.04. Additionally, the matched cohort revealed a very low overall rate of capsular contracture (1.0%) for smooth implants. Conclusions: Our data demonstrated non-significant differences for most major complication rates or revision surgery rates for smooth versus textured implants after matching. DTI breast reconstruction with smooth implants remains a safe and effective reconstructive option for select patients. Level of Evidence III: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine Ratings, please refer to Table of Contents or online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2077-2085
Number of pages9
JournalAesthetic Plastic Surgery
Volume45
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Major Complications After Textured Versus Non-textured Breast Implants in Direct-to-Implant Breast Reconstruction: A Propensity Score Analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this