Machine learning’s application in deep brain stimulation for parkinson’s disease: A review

Jeremy Watts, Anahita Khojandi, Oleg Shylo, Ritesh A. Ramdhani

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a surgical treatment for advanced Parkinson’s disease (PD) that has undergone technological evolution that parallels an expansion in clinical phenotyping, neurophysiology, and neuroimaging of the disease state. Machine learning (ML) has been successfully used in a wide range of healthcare problems, including DBS. As computational power increases and more data become available, the application of ML in DBS is expected to grow. We review the literature of ML in DBS and discuss future opportunities for such applications. Specifically, we perform a comprehensive review of the literature from PubMed, the Institute for Scientific Information’s Web of Science, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers’ (IEEE) Xplore Digital Library for ML applications in DBS. These studies are broadly placed in the following categories: (1) DBS candidate selection; (2) programming optimization; (3) surgical targeting; and (4) insights into DBS mechanisms. For each category, we provide and contextualize the current body of research and discuss potential future directions for the application of ML in DBS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number809
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalBrain Sciences
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Deep brain stimulation
  • Machine learning
  • Parkinson’s disease


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