LRRK2 G2019S mutations are associated with an increased cancer risk in Parkinson disease

Rachel Saunders-Pullman, Matthew J. Barrett, Kaili M. Stanley, Marta San Luciano, Vicki Shanker, Lawrence Severt, Ann Hunt, Deborah Raymond, Laurie J. Ozelius, Susan B. Bressman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations


Leucine rich repeat kinase (LRRK2) G2019S mutations are presumed to cause PD through a toxic gain of function of the protein kinase. Small molecule kinase inhibitors have been developed for the treatment of certain cancers, and some antioncogenic agents such as sunitinib, may nonspecifically inhibit LRRK2. Few studies, however, have assessed cancer risk in LRRK2 mutation carriers. To explore this risk, we evaluated records of Ashkenazi Jewish (AJ) PD patients participating in genetic research. Charts were reviewed for 163 unrelated AJ PD patients, 31 of whom harbored the G2019S mutation. History of cancer was queried at baseline intake using a form reviewing medical conditions, and charts were reviewed for all follow-up visits. 9/31 LRRK2 G2019S mutation carriers had nonskin cancers, whereas 15/132 without mutations had nonskin cancers, representing an almost threefold increased risk in this group (HR 2.9, 95% CI 1.3-6.6). Age at first nonskin cancer was younger in the LRRK2 carriers (56.0 years) than the noncarriers (62.0 years), but was not significant. 67% of the LRRK2 carriers had their cancer before the onset of PD, whereas only 40% of noncarriers developed their first nonskin cancer before onset of PD. While further evaluation is warranted, our findings indicate an increased risk of nonskin cancers in LRRK2 G2019S mutation carriers, which may be related to toxic gain of function of mutated LRRK2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2536-2541
Number of pages6
JournalMovement Disorders
Issue number15
StatePublished - Nov 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Cancer
  • Genetics
  • LRRK2
  • Parkinson disease
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Renal cancer
  • Search terms


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