Lower Gastrointestinal Endoscopy and Biopsy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Flexible endoscopy of the colon is currently accepted as the "gold standard" for evaluation of the lower gastrointestinal tract. In the hands of trained operators, biopsies can be obtained, polyps can be removed, and every portion of the intestinal tract can be evaluated by direct vision. The advances in instrumentation have had an impact on the discovery and prevention of colon and rectal cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTextbook of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Subtitle of host publicationSecond Edition
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)1405191821, 9781405191821
StatePublished - 16 Apr 2012


  • Biopsies
  • Colon imaging
  • Colon polypectomy
  • Colonic biopsy
  • Colonoscopy
  • Cost of equipment
  • Endoscopic mucosal resection
  • Endoscopic submucosal dissection
  • Flexible sigmoidoscopy
  • Guidelines
  • Polyps


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