Low anterior resection syndrome and quality of life after intersphincteric resection for rectal cancer: a propensity score-matched study

Y. Shen, T. Yang, H. Zeng, W. Meng, X. Deng, M. Wei, Z. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Our aim was to perform a propensity score-matched study to compare the long-term functional outcomes and quality of life following intersphincteric resection vs. low anterior resection (LAR) with very low anastomosis. Methods: Patients who underwent intersphincteric resection or low anterior resection with low anastomosis (≤ 4 cm from the anal verge) for rectal cancer between January 2017 and June 2020 were retrospectively included. A propensity score-matching process was performed. Functional outcomes and quality of life were assessed using the European Quality of Life 5 Dimensions 3 Level Version (EQ-5D-3L), EORC-QLQ C30, EORC-QLQ CR29, Low Anterior Resection Syndrome (LARS), Wexner, and International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) questionnaires. The primary outcome was the presence of LARS at least 12 months after surgery. The second outcome was the postoperative quality of life of included patients. Results: After propensity matching, 128 patients were included, including 58 males and 70 females with a median age of 59.5. Patients in the intersphincteric resection group showed a higher incidence of incontinence to flatus (32.8% versus 14.0%, p = 0.043) and stools (42.2% versus 21.9%, p = 0.046), pain/discomfort (25.0% versus 7.8%, p = 0.001), and bowel dysfunction, while the LARS scores (15.0 versus 13.2, p = 0.461) and major LARS rates (26.6% versus 14.1%, p = 0.078) were comparable in both groups. Conclusion: ISR leads to increased bowel incontinence rate and increased anal pain, without affecting the grade of low anterior resection syndrome, fecal urgency, and clustering. LAR might be the preferred sphincteric-preserving approach when negative resection margins and a safe anastomosis are guaranteed. Patients should be fully informed about potential functional impairment after sphincter-preservation procedures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1307-1317
Number of pages11
JournalTechniques in Coloproctology
Volume27
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Intersphincteric resection
  • Low anterior resection syndrome
  • Propensity score matching
  • Quality of life
  • Rectal cancer

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