Long-term safety and efficacy of guanfacine extended release in children and adolescents with ADHD

Michael Huss, Bryan Dirks, Joan Gu, Brigitte Robertson, Jeffrey H. Newcorn, J. Antoni Ramos-Quiroga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Data are reported from SPD503-318, a phase 3, open-label, safety study of guanfacine extended release (GXR) in European children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Participants received dose-optimized GXR (1–7 mg/day) for up to 2 years. Of 215 enrolled participants, 214 were included in the safety population and 133 completed the study. Participants’ mean age was 11.7 years and 73.8% were male. Overall, 177 participants (82.7%) experienced a treatment-emergent adverse event (TEAE). TEAEs reported in at least 10% of participants were somnolence (36.0%), headache (28.5%), fatigue (20.1%), and nasopharyngitis (11.7%). Serious TEAEs were reported in 4.7% of participants and TEAEs leading to discontinuation were reported in 3.3% of participants. There were no deaths. Mean z-scores for BMI were stable throughout the study. The incidence of sedative TEAEs (somnolence, sedation, and hypersomnia) peaked during week 3 and decreased thereafter. Small changes from baseline to the final assessment in mean supine pulse [− 5.5 bpm (standard deviation, 12.98)] and blood pressure [systolic, 0.6 mmHg (9.32); diastolic, 0.2 mmHg (9.17)] were reported. ADHD symptoms initially decreased and remained significantly lower than baseline at study endpoint. At the final assessment, the mean change in ADHD-RS-IV total score from baseline was − 19.8 (standard error of mean, 0.84; nominal p < 0.0001). In conclusion, GXR was well tolerated and more than 60% of participants completed the 2-year study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1283-1294
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2018


  • Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
  • Child/adolescent
  • Clinical trial
  • Efficacy
  • Guanfacine extended release
  • Safety


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