Long-term results of transmeatal cochleovestibular neurectomy: An analysis of 100 cases

Raleigh Jones, Herbert Silverstein, Eric Smouha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

One hundred patients have been treated ever a 13-year period with a transmeatal approach to the internal auditory canal for cochleovestibular neurectomy. Ninety-one of these patients have followup of more men 3 months (average, 4.67 years). The most common indication for the procedure was Meniere's disease (71%). Chronic labyrinthitis, usually following stapes, middle ear, or mostold surgery, was the next most common indication. Patients with the preoperative diagnosis of Meniere's disease had better results in the curing of vertigo (89%) then those having chronic labyrinthitis (68%) Overall, vertigo was cured in 84% of patients end markedly improved in another 15.1% Tinnitus was relieved or improved in 65% of all patients and in 67% of patients with Meniere's disease. Mild unsteadiness was commonly noticed postoperatively, but only 11% described this as severe. Eighty percent of these latter patients reported unsteadiness preoperatively. Complications were uncommon and temporary: One case of delayed facial paresis that recovered completely, one CSF leak, and one wound infection. There were no cases of permanent facial paralysis or meningitis. The advantages of the transmeatal approach to the IAC for CVN over labyrinthectomy without CVN are assurance of complete labyrinthine denervation, increased likelihood of improved tinnitus, practice at sectioning the posterior ampullary nerve (PAN), and the ability to inspect the internal auditory canal for a small tumor or other pathology. We recommend this procedure for treatment of unilateral vestibular dysfunction in patients with no serviceable hearing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-29
Number of pages8
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
Volume100
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1989
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Long-term results of transmeatal cochleovestibular neurectomy: An analysis of 100 cases'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this