Long-term functional outcome following minimally invasive endoscopic intracerebral hemorrhage evacuation

Christopher P. Kellner, Rui Song, Jonathan Pan, Dominic A. Nistal, Jacopo Scaggiante, Alexander G. Chartrain, Jamie Rumsey, Danny Hom, Neha Dangayach, Rupendra Swarup, Stanley Tuhrim, Saadi Ghatan, Joshua B. Bederson, J. Mocco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations


Background and purpose Preclinical studies suggest that clot removal may mitigate primary and secondary brain injury following intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Although the MISTIE trial did not demonstrate an overall outcome benefit, it did demonstrate outcome benefit from effective reduction of clot burden. Minimally invasive endoscopic ICH evacuation may provide an alternative option for clot evacuation. Methods Patients presenting to a single healthcare system from December 2015 to October 2018 with supratentorial spontaneous ICH were evaluated for minimally invasive endoscopic evacuation. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were prospectively established by a multidisciplinary group in the healthcare system. The prespecified primary analysis was the proportion of patients with modified Rankin Score (mRS) 0-3 at 6 months. Results One hundred patients met the inclusion and exclusion criteria and underwent minimally invasive endoscopic ICH evacuation. The mean (SD) hematoma size was 49.7 (30.6) mL, the mean (SD) evacuation percentage was 88.2 (20.3)%, and 86% of patients had postoperative residual hematoma ≤15 mL. At 6 months the proportion of patients with an mRS of 0-3 was 46%. Conclusions This study suggests that minimally invasive endoscopic ICH evacuation may produce favorable long-term functional outcomes. Further evaluation of this technique in a randomized clinical trial is necessary.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)489-494
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of NeuroInterventional Surgery
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 May 2020


  • endoscopic
  • image-guide
  • intracerebral hemorrhage
  • minimally invasive


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