Background: Disordered folliculogenesis is a key feature of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), but the underlying molecular mechanism remains unclear. Methods: Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) expression in luteinized granulosa cells (hLGCs) derived from women with and without PCOS were analyzed using microarray and qRT-PCR. Immortalized human granulosa cell lines were cultured for proliferation assays after transfection with the LINC-01572:28 over-expression vector in the presence or absence of p27 siRNA. Protein expression analysis, rescue assays, and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) were used to confirm the LINC-01572:28 substrate. Findings: LINC-01572:28 and p27 protein were elevated whereas proliferating cell nuclear antigen protein was decreased in the hLGCs of women with PCOS. LINC-01572:28 expression was positively correlated with basal testosterone levels. Over-expression of LINC-01572:28 inhibited cell proliferation and impeded G1/S transition, which were partially reversed by siRNA-mediated p27 knockdown. Interpretation: Our findings, therefore, suggest that LINC-01572:28 suppresses cell proliferation and cell cycle progression by reducing the degradation of p27 protein via SKP2 binding.
- Granulosa cells
- Polycystic ovary syndrome