Local protein synthesis mediates a rapid increase in dendritic elongation factor 1A after induction of late long-term potentiation

Panayiotis Tsokas, Elizabeth A. Grace, Pok Man Chan, Tao Ma, Stuart C. Sealfon, Ravi Iyengar, Emmanuel M. Landau, Robert D. Blitzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

192 Scopus citations

Abstract

The maintenance of long-term potentiation (LTP) requires a brief period of accelerated protein synthesis soon after synaptic stimulation, suggesting that an early phase of enhanced translation contributes to stable LTP. The mechanism regulating protein synthesis and the location and identities of mRNAs translated are not well understood. Here, we show in acute brain slices that the induction of protein synthesis-dependent hippocampal LTP increases the expression of elongation factor 1A (eEF1A), the mRNA of which contains a 5′ terminal oligopyrimidine tract. This effect is blocked by rapamycin, indicating that the increase in EF1A expression is mediated by the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway. We find that mRNA for eEF1A is present in pyramidal cell dendrites and that the LTP-associated increase in eEF1A expression was intact in dendrites that had been severed from their cell bodies before stimulation. eEF1A levels increased within 5 min after stimulation in a translation-dependent manner, and this effect remained stable for 3 h. These results suggest a mechanism whereby synaptic stimulation, by signaling through the mTOR pathway, produces an increase in dendritic translational capacity that contributes to LTP maintenance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5833-5843
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume25
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Jun 2005

Keywords

  • Hippocampus
  • LTP
  • Local protein synthesis
  • TOP mRNA
  • eEF1A
  • mTOR

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