LncRNA H19 Suppresses Osteosarcomagenesis by Regulating snoRNAs and DNA Repair Protein Complexes

An Xu, Mo Fan Huang, Dandan Zhu, Julian A. Gingold, Danielle A. Bazer, Betty Chang, Donghui Wang, Chien Chen Lai, Ihor R. Lemischka, Ruiying Zhao, Dung Fang Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Osteosarcoma is one of the most frequent common primary malignant tumors in childhood and adolescence. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to regulate the initiation and progression of tumors. However, the exact molecular mechanisms involving lncRNA in osteosarcomagenesis remain largely unknown. Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) is a familial cancer syndrome caused by germline p53 mutation. We investigated the tumor suppressor function of lncRNA H19 in LFS-associated osteosarcoma. Analyzing H19-induced transcriptome alterations in LFS induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived osteoblasts, we unexpectedly discovered a large group of snoRNAs whose expression was significantly affected by H19. We identified SNORA7A among the H19-suppressed snoRNAs. SNORA7A restoration impairs H19-mediated osteogenesis and tumor suppression, indicating an oncogenic role of SNORA7A. TCGA analysis indicated that SNORA7A expression is associated with activation of oncogenic signaling and poor survival in cancer patients. Using an optimized streptavidin-binding RNA aptamer designed from H19 lncRNA, we revealed that H19-tethered protein complexes include proteins critical for DNA damage response and repair, confirming H19's tumor suppressor role. In summary, our findings demonstrate a critical role of H19-modulated SNORA7A expression in LFS-associated osteosarcomas.

Original languageEnglish
Article number611823
JournalFrontiers in Genetics
Volume11
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Jan 2021

Keywords

  • H19 lncRNA
  • Li-Fraumeni syndrome
  • iPSCs
  • osteosarcoma
  • p53
  • snoRNA

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