Living with Migraine in Canada - A National Community-Based Study

Kristianne Chelsea Altura, Scott B. Patten, Jeanne V.A. Williams, Kirsten M. Fiest, Nathalie Jetté

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Objective: To develop a detailed profile of individuals living with migraine in Canada. Such a profile is important for planning and administration of services. Methods: The 2011-2012 Survey of Living with Neurological Conditions in Canada (SLNCC), a cross-sectional community-based survey, was used to examine a representative sample of migraineurs (N = 949) aged 15 years and older. Several health-related variables were examined (e.g., general health, health utility index (HUI) [a measure of health status and health-related quality of life, where dead = 0.00 and perfect health = 1.00], stigma, depression, and social support). Respondents were further stratified by sex, age, and age of migraine onset. Weighted overall and stratified prevalence estimates and odds ratios, both with 95% CIs, were used to estimate associations. Results: Overall, males had poorer health status compared with females (e.g., mean HUI was 0.67 in males vs. 0.82 in females; men had over two times the odds of their migraine limiting educational and job opportunities compared with females). Poorer health-related variables were seen in the older age groups (35-64 years/≥65 years) compared with the 15-34-year age group. There were no differences between those whose migraine symptoms began before versus after the age of 20 years. Conclusions: In this Canadian sample, migraine was associated with worse health-related variables in men compared with women. However, both men and women were significantly affected by migraine across various health-related variables. Thus, it is important to improve clinical and public health interventions addressing the impact of migraine across individuals of all ages, sexes, and sociodemographic backgrounds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)216-223
Number of pages8
JournalCanadian Journal of Neurological Sciences
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Cross-sectional study
  • Depression
  • Employment
  • Headache
  • Neurological


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