Liver resection is justified for multinodular hepatocellular carcinoma in selected patients with cirrhosis: A multicenter analysis of 1,066 patients

Zhen Li Li, Jiong Jie Yu, Jun Wu Guo, Cheng Jun Sui, Bing Hua Dai, Wan Guang Zhang, Ting Hao Chen, Chao Li, Wei Min Gu, Ya Hao Zhou, Hong Wang, Yao Ming Zhang, Xian Hai Mao, Timothy M. Pawlik, Ming Da Wang, Lei Liang, Han Wu, Wan Yee Lau, Meng Chao Wu, Feng ShenTian Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The role of liver resection for multinodular (≥3 nodules) hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear, especially among patients with severe underlying liver disease. We sought to evaluate surgical outcomes among patients with cirrhosis and multinodular HCC undergoing liver resection. Methods: Using a multicenter database, outcomes among cirrhotic patients who underwent curative-intent resection of HCC were examined stratified according to the presence or absence of multinodular disease. Perioperative mortality and morbidity, as well as overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were compared between the two groups. Results: Among 1066 cirrhotic patients, 906 (85.0%) had single- or double-nodular HCC (the non-multinodular group), while 160 (15.0%) had multinodular HCC (the multinodular group). There were no differences in postoperative 30-day mortality and morbidity among non-multinodular versus multinodular patients (1.8% vs. 1.9%, P = 0.923, and 36.0% vs. 39.4%, P = 0.411, respectively). In contrast, 5-year OS and RFS of multinodular patients were worse compared with non-multinodular patients (34.6% vs. 58.2%, and 24.7% vs. 44.5%, both P < 0.001). On multivariable analyses, tumor numbers ≥5, total tumor diameter ≥8 cm and microvascular invasion were independent risk factors for decreased OS and RFS after resection of multinodular HCC in cirrhotic patients. Conclusions: Liver resection can be safely performed for multinodular HCC in the setting of cirrhosis with an overall 5-year survival of 34.6%. Tumor number ≥5, total tumor diameter ≥8 cm and microvascular invasion were independently associated with decreased OS and RFS after resection in cirrhotic patients with multinodular HCC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)800-807
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Surgical Oncology
Volume45
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cirrhosis
  • Hepatectomy
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma
  • Recurrence
  • Survival

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Liver resection is justified for multinodular hepatocellular carcinoma in selected patients with cirrhosis: A multicenter analysis of 1,066 patients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this