Liver pathology in obesity

Arief Suriawinata, M. Isabel Fiel

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Obesity-related liver disease, particularly nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and its more severe form nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, is being increasingly recognized as a common liver disease in developed countries and represents hepatic manifestation of the metabolic syndrome. Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis results in progressive fibrosis, cirrhosis, and end-stage liver disease, with its increased incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma. Liver biopsy remains the gold standard in detection, evaluation, staging, and grading of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Liver biopsy also provides an important tool to detect concomitant liver disease that may accelerate the progression of steatohepatitis in these patients. Surgical or drug-induced weight loss has been documented to reduce the amount of inflammation, to induce regression of fibrosis, and, in some cases, to cause a reversal of cirrhosis in obese patients with steatohepatitis. Pretreatment or intraoperative liver biopsy should be performed to assess the presence of steatohepatitis, and stage and grade of steatohepatitis. This article will discuss obesity-related liver diseases, focusing on pathologic features in liver biopsies from obese patients, obesity-related hepatocellular carcinoma, and the effect of weight loss treatment on histopathology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)363-370
Number of pages8
JournalSeminars in Liver Disease
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2004

Keywords

  • Fat
  • Fibrosis
  • Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
  • Obesity
  • Steatohepatitis
  • Steatosis

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