Background: To determine whether women with extremely low-serum anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) levels (<0.10.4 ng/ml) still demonstrate live birth potential with assisted reproduction and whether such potential is age dependent. Methods: Between January 2006 and October 2009, 128 consecutive infertility patients with AMH ≤0.4 ng/ml were retrospectively evaluated for pregnancy chances and live birth rates after IVF. Results: Patients presented at a mean (±SD) age of 40.8 ± 4.1 years, with mean (±SD) baseline FSH of 15.7 ± 11.1 mIU/ml and mean (±SD) AMH of 0.2 ± 0.1 ng/ml. One hundred and twenty-eight women underwent a total of 254 IVF cycles. Twenty clinical pregnancies were recorded (7.9 per cycle start [95 confidence interval (CI): 4.911.9]; 15.6 cumulative [CI: 9.823.1]). These pregnancies resulted in 13 live births in 12 women (i.e. 11 singletons and a pair of twins) and 8 patients miscarried. Eight deliveries occurred after the first cycle (6.3 per cycle start) and four after subsequent IVF cycles (3.2). When evaluated according to female age, 70 women ≤42 years presented with 16 clinical pregnancies that resulted in 10 deliveries (14.3), while 58 patients >42 years presented with four clinical pregnancies that resulted in 2 deliveries (3.4), representing a reduced pregnancy chance (P= 0.013) and delivery rate (P 0.036) versus age ≤42 years. Conclusions: With extremely low-serum AMH levels, moderate, but reasonable pregnancy and live birth rates are still possible. Extremely low AMH levels do not seem to represent an appropriate marker for withholding fertility treatment.
- anti-Mullerian hormone
- diminished ovarian reserve