Lipid-lowering interventions targeting Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9): An emerging chapter in lipid-lowering therapy

Constantine E. Kosmas, Eddy Dejesus, Rosmery Morcelo, Frank Garcia, Peter D. Montan, Eliscer Guzman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) is a serine protease that is mainly expressed in the liver but can also be found in the intestine and kidneys. PCSK9 promotes the degradation of low density lipoprotein receptors (LDLR) by reducing their recycling and targeting the receptors for lysosomal destruction, thereby decreasing the rate of removal of LDL-cholesterol from the circulation. Thus, interventions targeting PCSK9 by reducing its expression may lead to significant reductions of LDL-cholesterol and possibly decrease cardiovascular risk. The present review aims to present and discuss the current clinical and scientific data pertaining to lipidlowering interventions targeting PCSK9.

Original languageEnglish
Article number212511
JournalDrugs in Context
Volume6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Keywords

  • AT04A vaccine
  • LDL-c
  • LDLR
  • Low density lipoprotein cholesterol
  • Low density lipoprotein receptors
  • PCSK9
  • Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9
  • SiRNA
  • Small interfering RNA

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