Limited upper midline incision for major hepatectomy in adults: Safety and feasibility

Ahmad Mahamid, Yaniv Fenig, Salvatore Amodeo, Lucas Facciuto, Dagny Vonahrens, Omri Sulimani, Thomas Schiano, Marcelo Facciuto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: Optimal incision for major hepatectomy remains controversial. In this study, we described our experience with a limited upper midline incision (UMI) for major hepatectomy. The objective was to analyze the feasibility and safety of UMI in major hepatectomy. Material and Methods: Fifty-seven consecutive patients who underwent major hepatectomies performed via an UMI were compared to a control group of 36 patients who underwent major hepatectomies with a conventional incision (CI). Results: In 85% of the patients, the indication was malignancy, with a median tumor size of 6 cm. Fifty-three percent of the patients had underlying chronic liver disease, and liver fibrosis was found in 61% of the patients. Ninteen percent of the patients had previous upper abdominal surgery. Twentysix patients underwent left hepatectomy, 20 patients had right hepatectomy and 11 patients trisegmentectomy. Additional combined surgical procedures were performed in 42% of the patients. Median operative time was 323 minutes, estimated blood loss was 500 ml, and median post-operative hospital stay was seven days. Surgical complications occurred in 22 patients (39%). 5-year overall survival was 67%. When compared with the control group with CI, patients with UMI had no statistical difference on operative time, estimated blood loss, length of hospital stay, complication rate, and overall survival. Conclusion: Major hepatectomies can be safely performed through UMI. This approach should be considered as a reasonable option in addition to conventional and laparoscopic approaches for major hepatectomies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-386
Number of pages8
JournalTurkish Journal of Surgery
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2021


  • Left hepatectomy
  • Major hepatectomy
  • Right hepatectomy
  • Trisegmentectomy
  • Upper midline incision


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