Ligand-dependent corepressor (LCoR) is a rexinoid-inhibited peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ-retinoid X receptor αcoactivator

Tali Shalom-Barak, Jaclyn Liersemann, Babak Memari, Lawrence Flechner, Caitlin E. Devor, Tiffany M. Bernardo, Suyeon Kim, Nobuyuki Matsumoto, Scott L. Friedman, Ronald M. Evans, John H. White, Yaacov Barak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) is an essential regulator of placental development. To gain deeper insights into placental PPARγ signaling, we dissected its regulation of the Muc1 promoter. We find that, unlike prototypic target activation by heterodimeric receptors, which is either stimulated by or refractory to retinoid X receptor (RXR) ligands (rexinoids), the induction of Muc1 by liganded PPARγ requires RXRα but is inhibited by rexinoids. We demonstrate that this inhibition is mediated by the activation function 2 (AF2) domain of RXRα and that Muc1 activation entails altered AF2 structures of both PPARγ and RXRα. This unique regulation of Muc1 reflects specific coactivation of PPARγ-RXRα heterodimers by the transcription cofactor ligand-dependent corepressor (LCoR), corroborated by significant downregulation of Muc1 in Lcor-null placentas. LCoR interacts with PPARγ and RXRα in a synergistic fashion via adjacent noncanonical protein motifs, and the AF2 domain of ligand-bound RXRα inhibits this interaction. We further identify the transcription factor Krüppel-like factor 6 (KLF6) as a critical regulator of placental development and a component of Muc1 regulation in cooperation with PPARγ, RXRα, and LCoR. Combined, these studies reveal new principles and players in nuclear receptor function in general and placental PPARγ signaling in particular.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere00107-17
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1 May 2018


  • KLF6
  • LCoR
  • PPARgamma
  • RXR
  • Rexinoids
  • Transcription regulation
  • coactivators


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