Lifestyle, nutrition, and glaucoma

Louis R. Pasquale, Jae Hee Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations


The only proven strategy to prevent primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is the use of ocular hypotensive therapy among people diagnosed with ocular hypertension. In this review, various modifiable lifestyle factors, such as exercise, diet, and cigarette smoking, that may influence intraocular pressure and that have been studied in relation to the risk of developing POAG are discussed. Epidemiologic studies on lifestyle factors are few, and the current evidence suggests that there are no environmental factors that are clearly associated with POAG; however, a few factors merit further study. This review also outlines future directions for research into the primary prevention of POAG.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)423-428
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Glaucoma
Issue number6
StatePublished - Aug 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Diet
  • Lifestyle factors
  • Primary open-angle glaucoma
  • Semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire


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