Lifestyle behaviors and intervention preferences of early-stage lung cancer survivors and their family caregivers

McKenzie K.K. Roddy, Raja M. Flores, Brian Burt, Hoda Badr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Lung cancer (LC) is a highly prevalent disease with more survivors diagnosed and treated at earlier stages. There is a need to understand psychological and lifestyle behavior needs to design interventions for this population. Furthermore, understanding the needs and role of family caregivers, especially given the risks associated with second-hand smoke, is needed. Methods: Thirty-one early-stage (stages I or IIA) LC survivors of (52% men) and 22 (50% women) caregivers (N = 53 total) completed surveys after surgery (baseline) and at 3- and 6-month follow-ups. Participants reported on psychological functioning, smoking, and physical activity (PA) as well as intervention preferences. Results: Survivors reported low levels of psychological distress and 3% were current smokers during the study. Approximately 79% were sedentary and not meeting national PA guidelines. Caregivers also reported minimal psychological distress and were sedentary (62% not meeting guidelines), but a larger proportion continued to smoke following the survivor’s cancer diagnosis (14%). Both survivors and caregivers expressed interest in home-based PA interventions but differed regarding preferred format for delivery. Most (64%) caregivers preferred a dyadic format, where survivors and caregivers participate in the intervention together. However, most survivors preferred an individual or group format (57%) for intervention delivery. Conclusion: Both LC survivors and family caregivers could benefit from PA interventions, and flexible, dyadic interventions could additionally support smoking cessation for family caregivers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1465-1475
Number of pages11
JournalSupportive Care in Cancer
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • Caregivers
  • Intervention preferences
  • Lung cancer
  • Physical activity
  • Smoking
  • Survivors

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