Leveraging the virtual learning environment to enhance medical student engagement with interventional radiology

Ariana C. Mills, Daryl T. Goldman, Brett S. Marinelli, Jay Sanghvi, Kirema Garcia-Reyes, Dan Shilo, Scott Nowakowski, Rahul S. Patel, Rajesh I. Patel, Edward Kim, Aaron M. Fischman, Robert A. Lookstein, Vivian L. Bishay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: To evaluate medical student engagement with Interventional Radiology (IR) before and after a virtual elective course. Methods: The elective was nine, one-hour lectures over ten weeks. An anonymous pre and post-course survey was administered to students. The hypothesis was that this course would increase student engagement with IR. Respondents answered nine questions to score their interest in, exposure to, familiarity with, and understanding of IR using a five-point Likert scale. Demographics were reported for the pre-course group only. A Wilcoxon signed-ranked test was performed to assess for significant mean change in pre and post-course responses. Among the 276 registered students, there were 144 individual, complete responses for the pre-course survey, and 60 paired responses for both surveys. Results: Thirty-seven percent of respondents were first or second year medical students. Thirty percent of participants were enrolled at an institution outside of the United States, 26% are the first in their family to attend college, and 41% identified as female. Thirty-six percent reported this virtual course was one of their earliest experiences with IR. There was a significant increase in student exposure to IR generally, familiarity with IR compared to other specialties, familiarity with the IR training pathway(s), understanding of what an Interventional Radiologist does, understanding of the difference between IR and Diagnostic Radiology, and understanding of when to consult IR for patient care after completion of the course. Conclusion: A virtual IR elective is an effective means to increase exposure to, familiarity with, and understanding of IR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-30
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Imaging
StatePublished - Apr 2023


  • COVID-19
  • Interventional radiology
  • Medical education
  • Medical student
  • Virtual learning


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