Lesions of juxtacortical origin (surface lesions of bone)

Samuel Kenan, Ibrahim Fikry Abdelwahab, Michael J. Klein, George Hermann, Michael M. Lewis

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

75 Scopus citations


A large variety of tumor and tumor-like conditions have been shown to originate from the surface of bone (Table 1). Most surface lesions are associated with periosteal reaction. The periosteum is a multipotential membrane. Its cellular composition may give rise to a variety of both neoplasms and tumor-like conditions. To avoid misinterpretation, the orthopedist, radiologist, and pathologist should be familiar with the entire spectrum of surface lesions. A better understanding of the natural history and biological behavior at different lesional maturity stages and correlation of the history with the radiographic and pathological findings is essential to establish the correct diagnosis. A history of injury or blunt trauma is very important. A stress fracture may produce a periosteal reaction acd callus that can be difficult to distinguish from osteosarcoma. In this review article, the authors wish to describe and define each term by its anatomy and radiographic features while discussing the entire spectrum of surface lesions. All the illustrative cases in this review article have been proven histologically.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)337-357
Number of pages21
JournalSkeletal Radiology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jul 1993


  • Juxtacortical
  • Parosteal lesion
  • Periosteal lesion
  • Surface


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