Lesion morphology and coronary angioplasty: Current experience and analysis

Richard K. Myler, Richard E. Shaw, Simon H. Stertzer, Harvey S. Hecht, Colman Ryan, Joseph Rosenblum, David C. Cumberland, Mary C. Murphy, Heidi N. Hansell, Benito Hidalgo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

249 Scopus citations

Abstract

From July 1, 1990 to February 28, 1991, 533 consecutive patients with 764 target vessels and 1,000 lesions underwent coronary angioplasty. Procedural success was achieved in 92.3%, untoward (major cardiac) events occurred in 3% (0.8% myocardial infarction, 1.3% emergency coronary bypass grafting and 0.9% both; there were no deaths). An unsuccessful uncomplicated outcome occurred in 4.7%. Lesion analysis using a modified American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association classification system showed that 8% were type A, 47.5% were type B and 44.5% were type C (36% of type B and 11% of type C were occlusions). Angioplasty success was achieved in 99% of type A, 92% of type B and 90% of type C lesions (A vs. B, p < 0.05; B vs. C, p = NS; A vs. C, p < 0.01). Untoward events occurred in 1.2% of type A, 1.9% of type B and 2% of type C lesions (p = NS). An unsuccessful uncomplicated outcome occurred in 0% of type A, 6% of type B and 7% of type C lesions (A vs. B, p < 0.05; B vs. C, p = NS; A vs. C, p < 0.05). Among the unsuccessful uncomplicated outcome group, occlusion occurred in 49%: 38% of type B and 59% of type C lesions. With B1 and B2 subtypes, success was obtained in 95% and 89.5% and untoward events occurred in 1.5% and 2.3% and an unsuccessful uncomplicated outcome in 3.7% and 8%, respectively. C1 and C2 subtyping showed success in 91% and 86%, untoward events in 1.3% and 6% and an unsuccessful uncomplicated outcome in 7.5% and 8.5%, respectively. Among the 764 vessels, success was obtained in 89.5% and untoward events occurred in 2.5% and an unsuccessful uncomplicated outcome in 8%. Assessment of lesion-vessel combinations showed a less favorable outcome with type C lesions and combinations of A-B, B-C and multiple (more than three lesions) type B and C vessels. Statistical analysis of morphologic factors associated with angioplasty success included absence of (old) occlusion (p < 0.0001) and unprotected bifurcation lesion (p < 0.001), decreasing lesion length (p < 0.003) and no thrombus (p < 0.03). The only significant factor associated with untoward events was the presence of thrombus (p < 0.003). Predictors of an unsuccessful uncomplicated outcome included old occlusion (p < 0.0001) and increasing lesion length (> 20 mm) (p < 0.001), unprotected bifurcation lesion (p < 0.05) and thrombus (p < 0.03).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1641-1652
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume19
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1992
Externally publishedYes

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