Objective Shoulder pain is a common presentation in the primary care setting, and shoulder pain after vaccination has a growing body of literature. The present study sought to understand how a standardized treatment protocol would aid patients experiencing shoulder injury related to vaccine administration (SIRVA). Methods Patients experiencing SIRVA were retrospectively recruited between February 2017 and February 2021. All patients were treated with physical therapy and offered a cortisone injection. Post-treatment range of motion (i.e., forward elevation, external rotation, internal rotation) and patients reported outcomes were collected with the visual analogue scale (VAS), American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES), simple shoulder test (SST), and single assessment numeric evaluation (SANE) scores. Results A total of 9 patients were retrospectively examined. Among them, 6 patients presented within one month of a recent vaccination event, while 3 patients presented 67, 87, and 120 days after vaccination. Furthermore, 8 of the patients completed physical therapy, and 6 of them underwent a cortisone injection. The follow-up time averaged 8 months. At final follow-up, the mean external rotation was 61° (standard deviation, SD ±3°) and the mean forward elevation was 179° (SD±45°). Internal rotation ranged between L3 and T10. The VAS pain scores were 3.5/10.0 (SD±2.4), the mean ASES score was 63.5/100.0 (SD±26.3), and the SST scores were 8.5/12.0 (SD±3.9). Finally, the SANE scores were 75.7/100.0 (SD±24.7) and 95.7/100.0 (SD±6.1) in the injured and contralateral shoulders respectively. Conclusion Shoulder pain after a vaccination treated with physical therapy and cortisone injection ultimately resulted in favorable shoulder range of motion and functional score outcomes. Level of Evidence IV.
|Translated title of the contribution||Shoulder Injury Related to Vaccine Administration: Case Series|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia|
|State||Published - 24 Nov 2021|
- pain management
- rotator cuff injuries
- shoulder injuries