Leiomyomas beyond the uterus; benign metastasizing leiomyomatosis with paraaortic metastasizing endometriosis and intravenous leiomyomatosis: a case series and review of the literature

Mohamad S. Mahmoud, Kavita Desai, Farr R. Nezhat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Uterine leiomyomas affect 20–30 % of women 35 years and older. Extrauterine leiomyomas are rare and present a greater diagnostic challenge. Those unusual growth patterns occur more often in women of reproductive age with a history of hysterectomy or surgery for uterine leiomyomas. They have been reported in the literature in case reports and small case series and include benign metastasizing leiomyoma (BML), disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis, intravenous leiomyomatosis (IVL), parasitic leiomyomas, and retroperitoneal growth. In this case series we present a case of BML with a first report of concomitant endometriosis metastasis to paraaortic lymphnodes, and a case of IVL. The findings and surgical management of those cases, as well as a review of the literature pertinent to those entities, are also presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-230
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Volume291
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Benign metastasizing leiomyoma
  • Endometriosis metastasis
  • Intravenous leiomyoma

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