Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction/hypertrophic cardiomyopathy/takotsubo syndrome: A new hypothesis of takotsubo syndrome pathophysiology

John E. Madias

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The pathophysiology of TTS is still elusive. This viewpoint proposes that TTS is an acute coronary syndrome, engendered by an ASNS/catecholamine-induced LVOTO, which results in an enhanced wall stress and afterload-based supply/demand mismatch, culminating in a segmental myocardial ischemic injury state, in susceptible individuals. Such individuals are felt to be particularly women with chronic hypertension, known or latent HCM, or non-HCM segmental myocardial hypertrophy, and certain structural abnormalities involving the LV and the MV apparatus. Recommendations are provided to explore further this hypothesis, while maintaining our focus on all other advanced TTS pathophysiology hypotheses for all patients, or those who do not experience LVOTO, men, the young, and patients with reverse, mid-ventricular, or right ventricular TTS, in whom more prolonged hyperadrenergic stimulation and/or larger amounts of blood-ridden catecholamines, segmental particularities of cardiac innervation and/or density of α-, and β-adrenergic receptors, pheochromocytoma, neurological chronic or acute comorbidities/catastrophies, coronary epicardial/microvascular vasospasm, and CMD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102668
JournalCurrent Problems in Cardiology
Volume49
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2024

Keywords

  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  • Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction
  • Pathophysiology of takotsubo syndrome
  • Takotsubo syndrome

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