Left Ventricular Assist Devices for Acute Myocardial Infarct Size Reduction: Meta-analysis

Satoshi Miyashita, Taro Kariya, Kelly P. Yamada, Olympia Bikou, Serena Tharakan, Navin K. Kapur, Kiyotake Ishikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

We conducted a meta-analysis of preclinical studies that tested left ventricular assist device (LVAD) therapy for reducing myocardial infarct size in experimental acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Twenty-six articles were included with a total of 488 experimental animal subjects. The meta-analysis showed that infarct size was significantly decreased by LVAD support compared to control animals (SDM, − 2.19; 95% CI, − 2.70 to − 1.69; P < 0.001). The meta-regression analysis demonstrated a high degree of heterogeneity associated with time from coronary artery occlusion to LVAD support, which correlated positively with infarct size. Subgroup analysis suggested smaller infarct size in LVAD therapies that withdrew blood from left heart than those from right heart. The proportion of left ventricular support relative to total cardiac output was positively correlated with infarct size reduction in Impella studies. Thus, early initiation of LVAD after ischemia and effective left ventricular venting may be important factors to reduce infarct size in AMI. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)467-475
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Translational Research
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Infarct size
  • Ischemia reperfusion injury
  • LV unloading
  • Mechanical circulatory support

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