1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the proportions of uptake and factors associated with electronic health (eHealth) behaviors among adults with epilepsy. Methods: The 2013, 2015, and 2017 National Health Interview Surveys were analyzed. We assessed the proportions of use of five domains of eHealth in those with epilepsy: looked up health information on the internet, filled a prescription on the internet, scheduled a medical appointment on the internet, communicated with a health care provider via email, and used chat groups to learn about health topics. Multivariate logistic regressions were conducted to identify factors associated with any eHealth behaviors among those with active epilepsy. Latent class analysis was performed to identify underlying patterns of eHealth activity. Survey participants were classified into three discrete classes: (1) frequent, (2) infrequent, and (3) nonusers of eHealth. Multinomial logistic regression was performed to identify factors associated with frequency of eHealth use. Results: There were 1770 adults with epilepsy, of whom 65.87% had at least one eHealth behavior in the prior year. By domain, 62.61% looked up health information on the internet, 15.81% filled a prescription on the internet, 14.95% scheduled a medical appointment on the internet, 17.20% communicated with a health care provider via email, and 8.27% used chat groups to learn about health topics. Among those with active epilepsy, female sex, more frequent computer usage, and internet usage were associated with any eHealth behavior. Female sex and frequent computer use were associated with frequent eHealth use as compared to nonusers. Significance: A majority of persons with epilepsy were found to use at least one form of eHealth. Various technological and demographic factors were associated with eHealth behaviors. Individuals with lower eHealth behaviors should be provided with targeted interventions that address barriers to the adoption of these technologies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)479-499
Number of pages21
JournalEpilepsia
Volume64
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2023

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • eHealth
  • epilepsy
  • national survey database

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