Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus-encoded microRNA miR-K12-11 attenuates transforming growth factor beta signaling through suppression of SMAD5

Yunhua Liu, Rui Sun, Xianzhi Lin, Deguang Liang, Qiang Deng, Ke Lan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

78 Scopus citations

Abstract

Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) encodes 12 pre-microRNAs (pre-miRNAs). Current studies have shown that these miRNAs are involved in regulation of viral and host gene expression, implicating a role in the maintenance of viral latency and suppression of antiviral innate immunity. However, the functions of these miRNAs remain largely unknown. On the basis of the sequence homology between oncogenic miR-155 and KSHV-encoded miR-K12-11, we hypothesized that miR-K12-11 could attenuate transforming growth factorβ(TGF-β) signaling, facilitating viral infection and tumorigenesis. In the present study, we demonstrated that ectopic expression of miR-K12-11 in Ramos, a TGF-βsensitive cell line, downregulated TGF-βsignaling and facilitated cell proliferation upon TGF-βtreatment by directly targeting SMAD5, an important mediator in TGF-βsignaling. In addition, the downregulation of SMAD5 by miR-K12-11 was further confirmed in a de novo KSHV infection system or latently infected KSHV-positive B-lymphoma cell lines. More importantly, repression of miR-K12-11 by a specific sponge inhibitor restored the expression of SMAD5 in both de novo-infected and latently infected cells. Finally, we found that restoration of SMAD5, in addition to the TGF-βtype II receptor, which was epigenetically silenced by the latent viral protein latencyassociated nuclear antigen, sensitized BC3 cells to the cytostatic effect of TGF-βsignaling. Taken together, our findings highlight a novel mechanism in which miR-K12-11 downregulates TGF-βsignaling and suggest that viral miRNAs and proteins may exert a dichotomy regulation in virus-induced oncogenesis by targeting the same signaling pathway.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1372-1381
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Virology
Volume86
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2012
Externally publishedYes

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