Jejunal Inflammation in Crohn's Disease: Comparison Between Diffusion Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Video Capsule Endoscopy

Michal M. Amitai, Nadin Kanaan, Shelly Soffer, Lee Alper, Noa Rozendorn, Daniel Jacob Harrington, Uri Kopylov, Adi Lahat, Doron Yablecovitch, Rami Eliakim, Shomron Ben-Horin, Eyal Klang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Jejunal disease is associated with worse prognosis in Crohn's disease. The added value of diffusion weighted imaging for evaluating jejunal inflammation related to Crohn's Disease is scarce. Objectives: To compare diffusion weighted imaging, video capsule endoscopy, and inflammatory biomarkers in the assessment of Crohn's disease involving the jejunum. Methods: Crohn's disease patients in clinical remission were prospectively recruited and underwent magnetic resonance (MR)-enterography and video capsule endoscopy. C-reactive protein and fecal-calprotectin levels were obtained. MR-en-terography images were evaluated for restricted diffusion, and apparent diffusion coefficient values were measured. The video capsule endoscopy-based Lewis score was calculated. Associations between diffusion weighted imaging, apparent diffusion coefficient, Lewis score, and inflammatory biomarkers were evaluated. Results: The study included 51 patients, and 27/51 (52.9%) with video capsule endoscopies showed jejunal mucosal inflammation. Sensitivity and specificity of restricted diffusion for video capsule endoscopy mucosal inflammation were 59.3% and 37.5% for the first reader, and 66.7% and 37.5% for the second reader, respectively. Diffusion weighted imaging was not statistically associated with jejunal video capsule endoscopy inflammation (P= 0.813). Conclusions: Diffusion weighted imaging was not an effective test for evaluation of jejunal inflammation as seen by video capsule endoscopy in patients with quiescent Crohn's disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)559-563
Number of pages5
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume25
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • diagnosis and imaging
  • enterography
  • gastroenterology radiology
  • inflammatory bowel disease
  • magnetic resonance

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