JAK Inhibitors in the Treatment of Myelofibrosis

Hannah Levavi, Ronald Hoffman, Bridget K. Marcellino

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Myelofibrosis (MF) is a myeloproliferative neoplasm driv-en by constitutive activation of the JAK/STAT pathway, resulting in clonal hematopoiesis, fibrotic replacement of the bone marrow, extramedullary hematopoiesis, splenomegaly, and debilitating constitutional symptoms. The advent of JAK inhibitors has changed the landscape of treatment options for patients with MF, providing relatively tolerable drug options that control symptoms, reduce splenomegaly, and improve quality of life, but often at the expense of worsening cytopenias. JAK inhibitors do not appear to halt the progression of disease or prevent leukemic transformation, and their effect on survival is debated. Here, we review both the US Food and Drug Administration–approved JAK inhibitors and those in late-phase clinical trials, with a focus on clinical activity and unique adverse effects. We also provide a schema for choosing among these options for patients with MF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)456-468
Number of pages13
JournalClinical Advances in Hematology and Oncology
Volume20
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2022

Keywords

  • Clonal hematopoiesis
  • JAK inhibitor
  • myelofibrosis
  • myeloproliferative neoplasm

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