Isolation and characterization of influenza virus recombinants with high and low neuraminidase activity. Use of 2-(3′-methoxyphenyl)-N-acetylneuraminic acid to identify cloned populations

P. Palese, J. Schulman

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Abstract

Two antigenically identical HON2 influenza virus recombinants derived from A/England/42/72 (H3N2) and A/PR8/34 (HON1) were separated from a mixed population by the use of a staining procedure specific for neuraminidase. This procedure employing an artificial neuraminidase substrate (2-(3′-methoxyphenyl)-N-acetylneuraminic acid, MPN) permitted the identification of deeply stained (MPN+) and poorly stained (MPN-) clones of virus in clone 1-5C-4 cells. Upon isolation and purification of the 2 variants, they were found to have eightfold differences in the ratios of neuraminidase/hemagglutination activity. Analysis by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis demonstrated that the differences in neuraminidase activity reflected differences in the amount of neuraminidase per virion. The MPN- variant which had low neuraminidase content replicated to equal titer in eggs and formed larger plaques than MPN+ variant on clone 1-5C-4 cells. Attempts to isolate clones of MPN- virus from wild type A/England/42/72 virus have not been successful so far.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-237
Number of pages11
JournalVirology
Volume57
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1974
Externally publishedYes

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