ISCEV guide to visual electrodiagnostic procedures

Anthony G. Robson, Josefin Nilsson, Shiying Li, Subhadra Jalali, Anne B. Fulton, Alma Patrizia Tormene, Graham E. Holder, Scott E. Brodie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

253 Scopus citations


Clinical electrophysiological testing of the visual system incorporates a range of noninvasive tests and provides an objective indication of function relating to different locations and cell types within the visual system. This document developed by the International Society for Clinical Electrophysiology of Vision provides an introduction to standard visual electrodiagnostic procedures in widespread use including the full-field electroretinogram (ERG), the pattern electroretinogram (pattern ERG or PERG), the multifocal electroretinogram (multifocal ERG or mfERG), the electrooculogram (EOG) and the cortical-derived visual evoked potential (VEP). The guideline outlines the basic principles of testing. Common clinical presentations and symptoms are described with illustrative examples and suggested investigation strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-26
Number of pages26
JournalDocumenta Ophthalmologica
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2018


  • Clinical electrophysiology
  • Electrooculogram (EOG)
  • Electroretinogram (ERG)
  • ISCEV standards
  • Maculopathy
  • Multifocal ERG (mfERG)
  • Optic neuropathy
  • Pattern ERG
  • Retinopathy
  • Visual evoked potential (VEP)


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