Is human placenta proteoglycan remodeling involved in pre-eclampsia?

Mohamad Warda, Fuming Zhang, Moustafa Radwan, Zhenqing Zhang, Nari Kim, Young Nam Kim, Robert J. Linhardt, Jin Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Impaired placento-fetal communication is a coherent symptom of exaggerated pre-eclampsia. The impact of the cellular expression of different glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) in this event on the placenta in pre-eclampsia is still obscure. This is the first study aimed at discovering the relationship between structural alterations of different sulfated GAGs at the molecular level and the development of pre-eclampsia in inflicted placenta. Sulfated GAGs were isolated and purified from control and pre-eclampsia placentas. The amount and the molecular weight of GAG in each tissue sample were measured. The polydispersity of the recovered GAG samples were determined by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The disaccharide composition of chondroitin sulfate, dermatan sulfate and heparan sulfate were deduced by chondroitinase and heparinase depolymerization followed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. The in vivo sulfo-modulation of GAGs in pre-eclampsia and control placenta were examined using RT-PCR to determine the transcription levels of different sulfotransferases involved in GAG biosynthesis. Marked differences in GAG sulfation patterns and mRNA level of encoding selected GAG O-sulfotransferases were observed in pre-eclampsia. These data suggest a linkage between pre-eclampsia and the observed alterations in placental GAGs and could provide new insights about the modulating role of GAGs in the development and the severity of placental pre-eclampsia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)441-450
Number of pages10
JournalGlycoconjugate Journal
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Glycomics
  • Glycosaminoglycans
  • Placenta
  • Pre-eclampsia
  • Proteoglycans

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