Introduction to neonatologist-performed echocardiography

on behalf of the European Special Interest Group “Neonatologist Performed Echocardiography” (NPE)

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


Cardiac ultrasound techniques are increasingly used in the neonatal intensive care unit to guide cardiorespiratory care of the sick newborn. This is the first in a series of eight review articles discussing the current status of “neonatologist-performed echocardiography” (NPE). The aim of this introductory review is to discuss four key elements of NPE. Indications for scanning are summarized to give the neonatologist with echocardiography skills a clear scope of practice. The fundamental physics of ultrasound are explained to allow for image optimization and avoid erroneous conclusions from artifacts. To ensure patient safety during echocardiography recommendations are given to prevent cardiorespiratory instability, hypothermia, infection, and skin lesions. A structured approach to echocardiography, with the same standard views acquired in the same sequence at each scan, is suggested in order to ensure that the neonatologist confirms normal structural anatomy or acquires the necessary images for a pediatric cardiologist to do so when reviewing the scan.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPediatric Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2018
Externally publishedYes


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