Intrarenal pressures generated during deployment of various antiretropulsion devices in an ex vivo porcine model

Lara K. Suh, Michael B. Rothberg, Jaime Landman, Hiroshi Katsumi, Mantu Gupta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Pressurized saline irrigation is commonly used during ureteroscopy, which can cause an increase in intrarenal pressure leading to postoperative pain, sepsis, and renal injury due to pyelovenous and pyelolymphatic backflow. To prevent retrograde stone migration during ureteroscopic lithotripsy, antiretropulsion devices can be deployed, which may or may not protect the kidney against high intrarenal pressures. This study compares the intrarenal pressures generated during the use of two antiretropulsion devices in an ex vivo porcine model. Materials and Methods: Using an ex vivo porcine model of the urinary system, flexible ureteroscopy was performed at the proximal, mid, and distal ureter. Intrarenal pressures were measured in the absence and presence of a coil-based antiretropulsion device and a multifold film-based device. Intrarenal pressure measurements were obtained while using saline irrigation at a gravity of 84? cm H2O and pressures of 150 and 300? mm Hg. Results: The deployment of a coil device resulted in a significant increase in intrarenal pressures during ureteroscopy with pressurized irrigation when compared with intrarenal pressures without a device. The use of a multifold film device that occluded the ureter during ureteroscopy resulted in a decrease in intrarenal pressures at an irrigation pressure of 300? mm Hg when compared with pressures without a device. In the remaining configurations, the intrarenal pressures were only minimally elevated. When comparing the two devices to each other, the multifold film device had significantly lower intrarenal pressures at each configuration. This has potential implications in preventing renal injury and/or sepsis during ureteroscopy. Conclusion: The use of a multifold film antiretropulsion device during ureteroscopy with high-pressure irrigation can potentially protect the kidney from elevated intrarenal pressures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1165-1168
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Endourology
Volume24
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2010
Externally publishedYes

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